Insomnia: Causes, Symptoms, and Treatments


Difficulty in falling or staying asleep is a sleep disorder. We can relate restlessness to poor habits, and poor sleep due to the excessive use of mobile and TV or any other electronic gadgets.

One can also have difficulty in sleeping if one is having Stress, Tension, Anxiety, Lack of exercise, or weakness due to a long or chronic illness. This condition is curable by treatment by taking medicines, but you have to control conditions for having sleeplessness.

People with insomnia have one or more of the following symptoms:

  1. Difficulty falling asleep the whole night.
  2. Wake up often during the night for any reason.
  3. And having trouble going back to sleep.
  4. Feeling tiredness after waking due to lack of sleep


  1. Prolonged illness may be one of the reasons.
  2. Weakness in the body for any medical reason like diabetes or other medical conditions.
  3. Injury pain or any other pain like burn pain or others.
  4. Living in a noisy atmosphere where you are not able to get sleep.
  5. Not able to sleep due to shifting hours, like working at night and sleeping during the day.
  6. Emotional reasons like separation or the death of a member of the family.
  7. The stress of work or a job
  8. Anxiety due to excessive use of mobile or other electronic gadgets
  9. Taking medicines is also one of the reasons, like medicines for high blood pressure, asthma, depression, and cold.


  1. Feeling restless all-day
  2. Sleepiness during the day.
  3. Getting irritation for any reason due to lack of sleep.
  4. Body feeling tiredness.
  5. Poor concentration in any work or reading.


You can diagnose yourself if you are able to sleep less than 7-8 hours in the day. Keep and notepad to keep the record and find out the reasons for not getting sleep. You can solve the problem or reasons for which reason you are not able to get sleep.

Don’t take too many days to analyze the problem. If you are unable to diagnose and also not able to solve the problem to get proper sleep, do visit the doctor and tell him and everything. Common Medicines for it.

There are too many medicines available for this. Sleeping medicines are always prescribed by doctors and doctors prescribe as the customer’s body needs means symptoms and body. Yes Once prescribed you can take medicine as want.


There are so many treatments for this, it is up to you which you want to try.

There are few medicines available in the market


People experience excessive daytime sleepiness and other dysfunctions when they are awake. Based on various studies and surveys, today’s sleep experts estimate that 10% to 30% of adults live with some form of insomnia.

Treating sleeplessness typically involves sleep-inducing medication, cognitive behavioral therapy for insomnia (CBT-I), or a combination of both of these measures. Positive lifestyle changes may alleviate symptoms for some people, as well. There is no “best treatment for insomnia.” Specific treatment recommendations depend on whether the patient has short-term or chronic insomnia, as well as their medical history

Insomnia in pregnancy

For a new mom-to-be, experiencing sleep deprivation after the baby is born is a given. But you probably didn’t realize that it could also occur during the first trimester of pregnancy.

Most women experience sleep problems during pregnancy. Pregnant women tend to get more sleep during their first trimesters (hello, early bedtime) but experience a big drop in the quality of their sleep. It turns out that pregnancy can make you feel exhausted all day long. It can also cause restlessness at night.

Chronic insomnia

Chronic insomnia is a long-term pattern of difficulty sleeping. Insomnia is considered chronic if a person has trouble falling asleep or staying asleep at least three nights per week for three months or longer. Some people with chronic insomnia have a long history of difficulty sleeping.

Home remedies for insomnia

  1. Mindfulness meditation
  2. Mantra repetition
  3. Yoga
  4. Exercise
  5. Massage
  6. Magnesium
  7. Lavender oil
  8. Melatonin

Acute insomnia

This condition is a short-term difficulty in sleeping that can last from a few days to a few weeks. It’s the most common type of sleeping disorder. Acute is also referred to as adjustment insomnia because it typically occurs when you experience a stressful event, such as the death of a loved one or starting a new job.

Insomnia light therapy

Light therapy is an intentional and focused use of sunlight or simulated sunlight to treat symptoms. This is typically done with a special design lightbox that puts out 10,000 lux. That’s bright enough to be effective but substantially dimmer than the sun, so it’s safe for your eyes.

While your healthcare provider may recommend it, light therapy usually is something you do yourself, at home, and it doesn’t require a prescription or medical supervision. However, you’ll need to acquire your own lightbox. (That may be more affordable than you think. We’ll discuss that below.)

Light therapy is simple. It typically involves:
  • Sitting a certain distance from a lightbox
  • For a specific amount of time, which may vary by condition and severity
  • At a specific time of day.

Insomnia disorder

This is a sleep disorder in which you have trouble falling and/or staying asleep. The condition can be short-term (acute) or can last a long time (chronic). It may also come and go. Acute insomnia lasts from 1 night to a few weeks.

Primary insomnia

This is relatively common. According to The International Classification of Sleep Disorders, primary insomnia is a syndrome mainly caused by psychophysiological insomnia, paradoxical insomnia, and idiopathic insomnia. Primary insomnia is difficulty initiating sleep (sleep-onset insomnia), difficulty maintaining sleep (mid-sleep awakening, early morning awakening), or chronic non-restorative sleep, which persists longer than three weeks despite having an adequate opportunity for sleep and results in impaired daytime functioning. 

Primary insomnia is not explained by currently known psychiatric disorders, medical conditions, or substance use disorders. This one is a non-organic, unknown etiology, middle-aged female predominant sleep disturbance. Recent findings suggest the hyperarousal hypothesis of primary insomnia.

Terminal insomnia

When you are dealing with this condition, you will have no problem falling asleep, yet you wake up too early and are unable to fall back to sleep. While most people sleep between six and eight hours each night, you may only be getting anywhere from three to five hours of sleep.

Period insomnia

PMS often causes sleeping problems. Women with PMS are at least twice as likely to experience insomnia before and during their period. Poor sleep may cause excessive daytime sleepiness and feel tired or drowsy around their period. PMS can cause some women to sleep much more than normal. Fatigue and tiredness around their period, as well as mood changes like depression, may lead to sleeping too much (hypersomnia).

These problems can be even worse for women with PMDD12 as around 70% of women with this condition have insomnia-like problems before their period and over 80% describe feeling tired.

Idiopathic Insomnia

This is a type of chronic sleeplessness in which no obvious explanation can be found. Theoretically, this is the outcome of an underactive sleep system or an overactive awakening system, although there is no confirmed genuine genesis or etiology of the illness.

It is known that this condition exists without the detectable presence of other sleep disorders, medical problems, medication or substance use or abuse, any underlying behavioral problems that could cause poor or unfulfilling sleep, and any psychiatric disorders. This is also not the result of poor sleep hygiene.

Idiopathic insomnia often occurs nightly and may include short sleeping times, numerous nighttime awakenings that cannot be explained, and difficulty falling asleep even when the body feels sufficiently tired to do so. This all happens without the presence of any stress that may cause a similar scenario in others, with no psychological or neurological disorders, and no medication or substance use.

Adjustment insomnia

This kind of condition is also known as transient, short-term, or acute insomnia. Causes can be divided into 2 broad categories: environmental and stress-related. Environmental etiologies include unfamiliarity, excessive noise or light, extremes of temperature, or an uncomfortable bed or mattress.

Stress-related etiologies primarily involve life events, such as a new job or school, deadlines or examinations, or the deaths of relatives and close friends.

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