What are the top 10 antibiotics

How do antibiotics work? 

Top 10 Antibiotics are given here for knowledge purposes only, Please don’t start self-medication after reading as we are not suggesting any antibiotic. Medicines known as antibiotics are used to treat bacterial infections in both humans and animals. They function by eradicating the germs or by making it difficult for the bacteria to proliferate and flourish. Different methods can be used to take antibiotics:

By mouth, this could take the form of pills, capsules, or liquids. This could be a skin-applied lotion, spray, or ointment. It might also be ear drops, eye drops, or eye ointment, injected or administered (IV). Usually, more serious infections need this.

Uses of Antibiotics

  • Strong medications called antibiotics are used to treat infections.
  • Your medical team suspects that you or a family member may have an infection. that can be cured with an antibiotic.
  • Antibiotics are not always used to treat infections.
  • Antibiotics may work well against infections brought on by bacteria (germs). but they are ineffective against viral infections.
  • Antibiotics can have side effects like all medications. Thus they should only be used when required.
  • Antibiotic use that is unnecessary can be hazardous.
  • As a result, there are crucial things to understand regarding antibiotics.

Top 10 Antibiotics Generic List  

1. Amoxicillin.

This penicillin-based antibiotic works to combat germs.

Tonsillitis, bronchitis, pneumonia, and infections of the ear, nose, throat, skin, or urinary tract are a few of the many bacterial illnesses. That is treated with amoxicillin.

Additionally, amoxicillin can be used with the antibiotic. clarithromycin (Biaxin) to treat stomach ulcers brought on by Helicobacter pylori infections.

Lansoprazole is a medication that lowers stomach acid. May be added to this combination (Prevacid).

Precautions while using amoxicillin

  • Take this medication by mouth every 8 to 12 hours. Generally with or without food, as prescribed by your doctor.
  • Your medical condition and treatment response will determine the dosage.
  • Unless your doctor instructs you otherwise, stay hydrated while taking this drug.
  • Take this antibiotic at regular intervals for optimal results.
  • Take this prescription at the same time(s) every day to make it easier for you to remember.
  • Even if symptoms go away after a few days. keep taking this medication until the entire advised dosage is gone.
  • If the treatment is stopped too soon, the bacteria may be allowed to continue to develop and the infection may recur.

2. Doxycycline

Doxycycline is used to treat a wide range of bacterial diseases. including acne, gonorrhea, chlamydia, syphilis, lung infections, eye infections, periodontitis (gum disease), and others.                

When used to treat other illnesses, doxycycline may also have an anti-inflammatory effect. Doxycycline works by halting the growth of bacteria when treating bacterial infections.

An antibiotic tetracycline is doxycycline.

Doxycycline comes in many forms that are used to. Treat anthrax, malaria, mite, tick, and lice-related diseases.

Using doxycycline

  • To treat bacterial infections, use doxycycline.
  • These may consist of various STDs, skin infections, eye infections, respiratory infections, and other conditions.
  • Those who want to travel to regions where specific strains of malaria are present. Can also use as more treatment for severe acne and to fend off malaria.
  • Combination therapy may include this medication. As a result, you could need

3. Cephalexin

Cephalexin is a cephalosporin antibiotic (SEF a low spor in).       

By combating microorganisms in your body, it works.

Infections brought on by bacteria. such as those of the upper respiratory tract, ears, skin, urinary tract, and bones, are treated with cephalexin.

Adults and children who are at least one year old and have infections. Treated with cephalexin.

Precautions while using Cephalexin

  • As prescribed by your doctor, take this medication by mouth as often as once every 6 to 12 hours, with or without food.
  • Before each dose, shake the bottle if you’re using the suspension.
  • Using a designated measuring tool or spoon, measure the dosage. Avoid using a regular spoon because you could not get the right dosage.
  • Your medical condition and treatment response will determine the dosage.
  • The dosage is also weight-based for youngsters.
  • Take this antibiotic at regular intervals for optimal results.
  • Take this prescription at the same time(s) every day to make it easier for you to remember.
  • Even if symptoms go away after a few days. keep taking this medication until the entire advised dosage is gone.

If the treatment is stopped too soon. The bacteria may be allowed to continue to develop and the infection may recur. If your issue persists or worsens, let your doctor know.

4. Ciprofloxacin

An antibiotic called ciprofloxacin is a fluoroquinolone (flor-o-KWIN-o-lone). Which is used to treat various bacterial illnesses.        

People can also be treated with it. who has been exposed to various plagues or anthrax?

The use of ciprofloxacin extended-release is only permitted in adults.

Fluoroquinolone drugs have irreversible, significant, or debilitating adverse effects.

Only infections that cannot be cured with a less dangerous antibiotic should be treated with ciprofloxacin.

Precautions while using ciprofloxacin

  • Before beginning to take ciprofloxacin and after each refill, read the Medication Guide and, if available. The Patient Information Leaflet was given to you by your pharmacist.
  • Ask your physician or pharmacist if you have any queries.
  • Your doctor will likely instruct you to take this medication twice daily (every 12 hours), in the morning and evening, with or without meals.
  • Before dispensing each dose, shake the container for 15 seconds.
  • Use a professional measuring tool or spoon to measure the dosage.
  • Avoid using a regular spoon because you could not get the right dosage.
  • The suspension’s contents should not be chewed.
  • Use of the suspension with feeding tubes is not advised due to the possibility of tube clogging.
  • Your medical condition and treatment response will determine. the dosage and duration of the course of action.
  • If your doctor doesn’t tell you to drink more liquids. While taking this medication, make sure to stay hydrated.
  • Take this drug at least two hours or six hours before or after taking any other products. That may interact with it and lessen its efficacy.
  • Consult a pharmacist about the more medications you take.
  • Quinapril, Sevelamer, Sucralfate, vitamins/minerals (such as iron and zinc supplements), and goods made of magnesium, aluminum, or calcium are a few examples. (such as antacids, didanosine solution, and calcium supplements).
  • Dairy products (such as milk, yogurt, or calcium-enriched juice) and calcium-rich diets can help lessen the effects of this medicine.
  • Unless you are eating these meals as part of a bigger meal. That also contains other (non-calcium-rich) foods. Take this medication at least 2 hours before or 6 hours after eating calcium-rich foods.
  • The calcium-binding effect is lessened by these extra meals.
  • Inquire with your doctor or pharmacist. About how to take this medication with dietary replacements or supplements.
  • Take this antibiotic at regular intervals for optimal results.
  • Take this prescription every day at the same time(s),  to be sure.
  • Even if symptoms go away after a few days. keep taking this medication until the entire advised dosage is gone.
  • A recurrence of the infection could occur if the treatment is stopped too soon.
  • If your issue persists or gets worse, let your doctor know.

5. Clindamycin

is an antibiotic that battles germs inside the body.

Clindamycin is used to treat severe bacterial infections. There are extra uses for clindamycin not covered by this pharmaceutical guide.

Uses of clindamycin

  • Clindamycin is prescribed by doctors to treat many bacterial infections.
  • When penicillin is not an option. If the type of bacteria causing the infection has been identified, doctors will prescribe it.
  • This is so that the type of clindamycin the doctor prescribes. Can be tailored to the patient’s specific infection.
  • Clindamycin may be prescribed by a physician as oral capsules or dissolvable granules for:
  • Blood poisoning illnesses from anaerobic bacteria in the gut. causing peritonitis or an abscess in the abdomen endometriosis, and pelvic cellulitis. an abscess in the reproductive system or a vaginal cuff infection or respiratory infections with streptococci, pneumococci, and staphylococci bacteria
  • For severe infections, such as respiratory infections. A doctor may give intravenous or injectable clindamycin.
  • Infected lungs
  • Gastrointestinal infections, blood poisoning, and infections of the reproductive system
  • When performing surgery to treat chronic bone and joint infections. They may prescribe it also to other drugs.
  • Significant skin infections

Clindamycin may be prescribed by a physician as an oral solution for kids to treat:

  • Blood poisoning infections in the abdomen infections in the female reproductive system severe respiratory infections severe skin or soft tissue diseases
  • Clindamycin may be prescribed by a dermatologist as a gel, solution, or lotion to treat acne.
  • To treat bacterial vaginal infections. A doctor may tell clindamycin as a transvaginal suppository.
  • For vaginal infections, they might instead tell clindamycin lotion.
  • The lotion is safe for usage during the second and third trimesters of pregnancy.

Clindamycin may also be used by some persons for conditions. That the Food and Drug Administration (FDA) has not approved.

For instance, doctors may use clindamycin to treat malaria and anthrax.

Clindamycin is also used by dentists as a preventative measure.

6. Metronidazole

This antibiotic is used to treat bacteria. Infections of the vagina, stomach, liver, skin, joints, brain and spinal cord, lungs, heart, and bloodstream.

Trichomoniasis, a parasite-based transmitted illness, is likewise treated with metronidazole.

Even if one sexual partner has no symptoms, both are treated together.

If your doctor has not examined the condition, do not use metronidazole to treat it.

7. Azithromycin

An antibiotic called azithromycin (Zithromax) is used to treat some bacterial infections. While safe to use while nursing. This medication should be avoided by those who already have heart issues. The macrolides family of antibiotics includes azithromycin. Azithromycin was authorized by the Food and Drug Administration (FDA) in 1991. Azithromycin, like all antibiotics, only works against specific bacteria. It is crucial to consult a doctor before using the medication for this reason. Both as a pain reliever and against viral infections, it is ineffective. An overview of azithromycin is given in this article. along with information on its applications, risks, precautions, and related medications.

Uses for azithromycin

  • Prophylaxis for Bacterial Endocarditis
  • Gastroenteritis caused by Campylobacter
  • Chronic obstructive pulmonary Disease in Chancroid—Acute
  • Uncomplicated gonococcal infection
  • Legionella Granuloma Inguinale
  • Pneumonia
  • Lyme disease and chronic erythema
  • Migraines
  • Treatment for Mycobacterium avium- intracellular
  • Avium-intracellular Mycobacterium
  • Prophylaxis
  • Idiopathic Pneumonia
  • Uncomplicated urethritis
  • Pelvic inflammatory disease due to otitis media
  • Pneumonia
  • Shigellosis
  • Sinusitis
  • Toxoplasmosis and early-onset syphilis
  • Infection of the upper respiratory tract
  • Infection with bacteria
  • Tonsillitis/Pharyngitis
  • Structure and Skin Infection
  • Chlamydia and Bronchitis Infection
  • Cervicitis\Babesiosis
  • Pertussis
  • Prophylaxis
  • STD prevention Pertussis

8. Trimethoprim and Sulfamethoxazole:    


Infections caused by bacteria are treated or avoided with it.

A fixed-dose combination antibiotic drug called trimethoprim/sulfamethoxazole, also known by the brand name Bactrim. is used to treat many bacterial infections.

 It contains five parts sulfamethoxazole and one part trimethoprim.

 It is used to treat methicillin-resistant urinary tract infections.

among others, cholera, travelers’ diarrhea, and respiratory tract infections. and Staphylococcus aureus (MRSA) skin infections.

It is used to treat and prevent toxoplasmosis and pneumocystis pneumonia in patients with HIV/AIDS. and other immunosuppressive conditions.

It can be administered.

Trimethoprim/sulfamethoxazole is a combination drug. That is listed as an essential medicine by the World Health Organization and is also offered as a generic drug.

With more than 6 million prescriptions written in 2019. it was the 100th most often prescribed drug in the US.

Uses of Trimethoprim and Sulfamethoxazole

  • Read all drug guides or instruction sheets. Adhere to all instructions on your prescription label.
  • Follow the medication’s instructions exactly.
  • Oral sulfamethoxazole with trimethoprim is consumed.
  • the oral suspension, shake it (liquid).
  • Use the provided measuring instrument to take a dosage (not a kitchen spoon).
  • Make sure you are aware of the right methods for mixing this medication with a liquid (diluent). and for storing the finished product.
  • If you are unsure of how to administer an injection, consult your doctor or pharmacist.
  • Only make an injection when you’re prepared to administer it.
  • If the medication is murky, has changed colors, or has particles in it. contact your pharmacist right once.
  • Depending on the amount of diluent in the mixture, mixed medications must be used within 2 to 6 hours.
  • Pay attention to your doctor’s advice.
  • Do not chill a mixture of medications.
  • Never use a needle or syringe again.
  • Put them in a “sharps” container that won’t puncture and dispose of them by local or state regulations.
  • Keep out of children’s and animals’ reach.
  • Drink a lot of water to avoid kidney stones.
  • The usage of antibiotics may result in diarrhea.
  • If your diarrhea is bloody or watery, let your doctor know.
  • Keep taking this medication even if your symptoms disappear right away.
  • Missing doses could cause your infection to become drug resistant.
  • Trimethoprim and sulfamethoxazole cannot cure viral infections (flu or a common cold).
  • According to the findings of any blood and urine tests you may need, this medication may need to be stopped.
  • Store away from moisture, heat, and light at room temperature.
  • Refrigerate not.

9. Amoxil and clavulanic acid            

A combination antibiotic prescribed by a doctor contains amoxicillin and clavulanate potassium.

Penicillin antibiotics like amoxicillin attack germs in the body.

A beta-lactamase inhibitor is called clavulanate potassium. assists in preventing the development of amoxicillin resistance in some bacteria.

Many bacterial infections. Pneumonia, ear infections, bronchitis, urinary tract infections, and skin infections, are treated with amoxicillin and clavulanate potassium.

The applications of clavulanate and amoxicillin

A penicillin-like antibiotic combination called amoxicillin/clavulanic acid is used to treat a variety of bacterial illnesses.

It acts by preventing bacterial development.

Only bacterial illnesses are treated by this antibiotic.

For viral infections, it is ineffective (such as common cold, and flu).

Any antibiotic use can result in

it won’t functioning against upcoming infections.

Take this drug by mouth every 12 hours, or as prescribed by your doctor, with a meal or snack.

Because a high-fat meal may reduce the medication’s absorption, avoid taking it with it.

Extended-release pills shouldn’t be chewed or crushed.

This could cause the medicine to leak completely all at once raising the possibility of negative effects.

Additionally, unless the tablets have a score line and your doctor. or pharmacist instructs you to do so, avoid splitting them.

Without crushing or chewing, take the whole or divided pill.

Take this antibiotic at regular intervals for optimal results.

Take this prescription at the same time(s) every day to make it easier for you to remember.

Even if symptoms go away after a few days, keep taking this medication until. the entire advised dosage is gone.

If the treatment is stopped too soon. The bacteria may be allowed to continue to develop and the infection may recur.

If your issue persists or gets worse, let the doctor know.

10. Levofloxacin

is an antibiotic that can be used to treat a variety of bacterial illnesses.                      

People who have been exposed to anthrax or specific. types of plague may also enjoy the usage of levofloxacin.

Levofloxacin is often reserved for treating bacteria. infections for which safer medicines are ineffective.

This is due to the fact that levofloxacin is a fluoroquinolone antibiotic. Which can have harmful or incapacitating side effects.

In 1996, the FDA authorized levofloxacin.

Applications for levofloxacin

Levofloxacin is effective against several various types of bacteria. including E. coli, S. aureus, and S. pneumonia.

Levofloxacin is referred to as a respiratory fluoroquinolone along with moxifloxacin and gemifloxacin. its effectiveness against S. pneumonia, a bacterium that targets the lungs and airways.

Treatments for levofloxacin include: Acute deterioration (exacerbation) of chronic bronchitis

Pneumococcal Pneumonia

UTIs that are both complicated and straightforward

Infected kidneys (such as pyelonephritis)

Male sexual dysfunction

Skin maladies

Nasal infections

Levofloxacin is also approved. For the treatment of ocular infections caused by bacteria, post-exposure anthrax, and plague.

Additionally, it has demonstrated success in treating some STDs, particularly chlamydia.

Levofloxacin should only be used for specific illnesses.  such as sinusitis, bronchitis, and uncomplicated urinary tract infections. when no other effective treatments are available. It may have large adverse effects.


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