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Vaccines before, after, and during pregnancy

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Various types of changes take place in the body of women during pregnancy. During this time, his body becomes sensitive to infectious diseases. In such a situation, only nutritious food and exercise are not enough to protect the mother and baby during pregnancy. Some other things also need to be considered, infertility.

Pregnancy Importance

Vaccination is very important to increase the immunity of a woman’s gestation. At the beginning of gestation, the doctor informs you which tests you have to get and which vaccines to be administered gestation. The pregnant mother must get vaccinated for the care and protection of the health of the unborn child. Vaccination protects both mother and baby from many types of infectious diseases.

This process is called passive immunization. Vaccination pregnancy protects the child from diseases in the womb and until some time after birth. However, you should not wait to get vaccinated for the condition or period of being pregnant as some vaccines cannot be given during pregnancy. The vaccination process must begin long before you become pregnant.

Vaccination in pregnancy

There are various changes in the body of women during gestation. During this time, the body becomes sensitive to infectious diseases. In such a situation, nutritious food and exercise are not enough to protect the mother and baby during the condition or period of being pregnant.

Some other things also need to be considered and vaccination is one of them. The pregnant mother must get vaccinated for the care and protection of the health of the unborn child.

Vaccination protects both mother and baby from many types of infectious diseases. By applying the vaccine, the pregnant woman’s body acts as an antibody, which helps protect the baby from infection. This is why vaccination is necessary during gestation.

Which vaccines are recommended in pregnancy? 

All pregnant women need to be vaccinated at gestation to protect them from some serious diseases. Also, some other vaccines should be administered with the advice of a doctor:

Tdap vaccine: tetanus, diphtheria, and pertussis are very serious diseases. Tdap vaccine must be given during every pregnancy to prevent pregnant women and infants. Under this, 2 vaccines of tetanus toxoid  (TT) are applied to the pregnant woman. Tetanus Toxoid Vaccine is used to protect against tetanus. TT-1 is vaccinated in the early days of gestation and TT-2 is vaccinated four weeks after it. After this, if the woman is pregnant again within the next three years, then this time only the booster TT vaccine will be given.

VaccinePerfect time to vaccinatedoseWhere will the vaccine be
TT – 1Early in pregnancy0.5 mlOver arm
TT – 2TT – 1 after 4 weeks0.5 mlOver arm
Tt boosterIf a pregnant woman has received 2 vaccines of TT in the last 3 years, then she should be given only booster TT vaccine during the current pregnancy.0.5 mlOver arm
Vaccine After Delivery

Influenza vaccine: The immune system, heart, and lungs of pregnant women (after two weeks of delivery) can be affected due to the flu. There is a risk of serious illness from this. It can also be harmful to the unborn baby. Therefore, vaccination of influenza is necessary. Influenza vaccine given to pregnant women reduces the disease called influenza by 63% in infants up to the age of 6 months.

Which vaccines should be avoided in pregnancy

Pregnant women should avoid the following vaccines-

  • 1. Hepatitis A

The safety and potency of this vaccination have not been fully tested. Mothers who are at greater risk of exposure to this virus should consult their doctor for the risks and benefits of this vaccine before choosing it.

  • 2. MMR (measles, mumps, rubella)

It is a live-virus vaccine and having an initial test of rubella will know if you are immune to the rubella virus. If you are not immune to rubella, you will be given this virus only after delivery.

  • 3. Varicella

Varicella is a vaccine given one month before pregnancy. It is used to prevent chickenpox in infants, it is not appropriate to take its period of being pregnant.

  • 4. HPV Vaccine

Vaccination of the human papillomavirus virus is inappropriate for the period of being pregnant.

  • 5. Pneumococcal

Due to the safety nature of this vaccine not known, it is not suitable for pregnant women. Only women who are at serious risk of a prolonged illness should consult a doctor before taking this vaccine.

  • 6. Oral Polio Vaccine (POV) and Inactive Polio Vaccine (IPV)

It is not recommended to give both versions of polio vaccines (live and inactive) to pregnant women.

Side effects after vaccination

Although the benefits are more than these, you may experience the following side effects during pregnancy after one of the above vaccinations-

  • redness
  • swelling
  • Vaccination site pain
  • Fatigue
  • body pain
  • Abnormal rashes
  • Vomiting
  • Diarrhea
  • stomach pain
  • Fever

If you plan to travel abroad to places with vaccine-preventive infection, consult your doctor and ask about other vaccinations you may need before your gestation.

Precautions to be taken for vaccination in pregnancy: It is important to keep some things in mind while undergoing vaccination during the period of being pregnant., such as:
  • Be sure to consult your doctor before getting vaccinated.
  • If you are pregnant within 4 weeks of getting the vaccine, then tell your doctor about it.
  • If you are getting the necessary vaccines in your office, then tell that you are pregnant before getting vaccinated. It is better that you talk to your doctor about this.
  • Every woman should get 2 vaccines of tetanus toxoid on the first gestation.
Vaccines during pregnancy: The pregnant require multiple vaccinations.

Some vaccines should be administered before gestation. Before getting the vaccine, a blood test should be done on the advice of the doctor. After this, some vaccines can be administered on the advice of the doctor such as:

  • 1. MMR (measles, mumps, and rubella). Rubella is such a serious disease that can cause miscarriage. The best protection against this disease is the MMR vaccine.
  • 2. Hepatitis-B: If hepatitis-B infection occurs during gestation, it can happen to the baby after birth. Hepatitis-B can cause serious health problems for the child.
  • 3. DPT vaccine: DPT i.e. diphtheria, tetanus, the pertussis vaccine is applied to pregnant.
  • 4. Influenza Vaccine: Influenza vaccine is necessary to get pregnant.
  • 5. Whooping Cough Vaccine: To avoid whooping cough (whooping cough), doctors recommend applying it. Because of serious complications like pneumonia and inflammation of the brain, whooping cough is called whooping cough. This condition can be dangerous for the unborn baby. Doctors recommend getting the vaccine as soon as possible in the third trimester (between 27 and 36 weeks of pregnancy).

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