Migraine is a neurological medical condition in the head that has many symptoms. A migraine is a headache that is specific psychological changes in the brain. The pain in the head accompanied by sensitivity to sound, smell, and light. This type of headache usually occurs on one side of the head but in some cases, the pain will happen bilaterally on both sides of the head.
Causes of Migraine
There are many causes of the migraine here some are included
- Hormones changes: Women may experience migraines during menstruation, menopause, and pregnancy due to the hormone changes such as estrogen, proton fluctuation.
- Emotional trigger: Emotional imbalance also causes migration such as stress, depression, anxiety, excitement might be a reason for migration.
- Physical causes: Tiredness, stiffness, restless sleep, the tension in shoulder and neck, poor postures, intense physical activity, physical exertion including sexual activity can cause migraines in some people.
- Food: Various foods such as aged cheese, preservatives used in smoked meat, artificial sweetener chocolate contain the addictive trying irregular mealtime, and dehydration also causes migraines.
- Drinks: Drinks like alcohol, especially wines, and caffeine-based drinks trigger a migraine.
- Medication: Some sleeping pills, hormonal replacement therapy medication, and the combined contraceptive pills such as nitroglycerin can aggravate migraines.
Symptoms of Migraine
- In migraine, many people describe a headache at one side with nausea and sensitivity to light, sound, and smell, in some cases, the pain and discomfort might be bilateral.
- The visual disturbance describes as a temporary blind that obscures part of the visual field. Flashing light in one or both sides of the eye has been also described. Numbness and weakness of one side or difficulty in speech occur rarely.
- Increasing pain with physical activity or when staining, inability to perform daily routine work.
- Constipation, neck stiffness, mood changes, food carving, increased thirst and urination, and frequent yawning.
- In some cases confusion. Dizziness, weakness also occur.
- Pulsing, throbbing, and vomiting.
- Hearing noise and music, uncomfortable jerking, and other movements.
Medicines for Migraine
- These medicines are taken at the onset of migration to relieve a headache and reduce its severity.
- Painkiller: Some painkillers are commonly used but most of the painkillers must be used with the prescription of the doctor. Side effects if the consumption of painkillers is for the long term are heart attack, stroke, kidney damage, and stomach ulcer. The painkillers which remove inflammation and pain are :
- Acetaminophen (Excedrin, Tylenol)
- Diclofenac (Cataflam)
- Ibuprofen ( Advil, Motrin)
- Ketorolac (Toradol)
- Naproxen ( Aleve)
- Ergotamines: Ergotamines are the most commonly prescribed for migraines. They cause blood vessels around the brain to contract and relieve migraines within a few minutes. Ergotamines have dangerous side effects such as birth defects and heart problems. If you are pregnant or breastfeeder then does not take ergotamine medicines.
- Dihydroergotamine (DHE-45, Migranal)
- Ergotamine ( Ergomar)
- Ergotamine and caffeine ( Cafatine, Cafergot, Cafetrate, Migergot, Wigraine)
- Methysergide (Sansert)
- Methylergonovine (Methergine)
- Triptans: Triptans increases serotonin levels in the brain, reduce inflammation and constricting vessels in the brain, and effectively ending migraine. Some possible side effects of triptans are dizziness, drowsiness, nausea, tingling in the toes, and tightness and discomfort in the chest.
- Almotriptan (Axert)
- Eletriptan ( Relpax)
- Frovatriptan (Frova)
- Naratriptan (Amerge)
- Opioids: Opioids are more powerful medicines in painkillers. Many painkillers pills are made with opioids and other salts. There is always a risk, that opioids become addicted to medicine why it is important to have a prescription to avoid miss using.
- Meperidine (Demerol)
- Oxycodone (Oxycontin)
Home remedies for Migraine
- Ginger: Ginger is an instant remedy that helps to reduce inflammation of blood vessels in the head, stimulate digestion. It helps the quell nausea that occurs during the migraine. You can take the ginger powder, ginger slice, and ginger juice with honey in your eating habit which gives you quick relief.
- Cinnamon: Cinnamon is a quick reply to headaches. Grind some sticks of cinnamon and add some water to make a thick paste. Apply it on the forehead and lie down for 30 minutes. Then wash it off with luckier water.
- Cloves: Cloves are good to treat throbbing head due to it’s cooling and pain-relieving properties. Crush some cloves and put them in a clean cloth then inhale the smell of cloves until you feel relief from the pain. And you can also apply a few drops of clove oil to the forehead.
- Basil: Basile is used for the oral treatment of headaches, it has many analgesic benefits. The basil contains oil which helps to relaxant muscles and gets rid of the headache. You can make tea with basil leaves and take little sips of hot tea that make you feel better.
- Physical activities: Yoga, breathing exercise, stretching exercise, meditation, and get in moving in a way that can you drop the tension. Regular practicing yoga can help to get rid of the migraine.
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