Migraine is a neurological condition in which that have many symptoms. Migraine headache is specific psychological changes in the brain. The pain in head accompanied sensitivity with sound, smell and light. This type of headache usually occurs in one side of the head but in some cases, the pain will happen bilaterally on both sides of the head.
Causes of Migraine
There are many causes of the migraine here some are included
- Hormones changes: Women may experience migraine during menstruation, menopause, and pregnancy due to the hormones changes such as estrogen, proton fluctuation.
- Emotional trigger: Emotional imbalance also causes migration such as stress, depression, anxiety, excitement might be a reason for migration.
- Physical causes: Tiredness, stiffness, restless sleep, the tension in shoulder and neck, poor postures, intense physical activity, physical exertion including sexual activity can cause migraine in some people.
- Food: Various foods such as aged cheese, preservatives used in smoked meat, artificial sweetener chocolate contain the addictive trying irregular meal time and dehydration also cause migraine.
- Drinks: Drinks like alcohol, especially wines and caffeine-based drinks that trigger the migraine.
- Medication: Some sleeping pills, hormonal replacement therapy medication and the combined contraceptive pills such as nitroglycerin can aggravate migraines.
Symptoms of Migraine
- In migraine, many people describe a headache at one side with nausea and sensitivity to light, sound, and smell, in some cases, the pain and discomfort might be bilateral.
- The visual disturbance describes as temporary blind that obscures part of the visual field. Flashing light in one or both side of eye has been also described. Numbness and weakness of one side or difficulty in speech occur rarely.
- Increasing pain with physical activity or when staining, inability to perform daily routine work.
- Constipation, neck stiffness, mood changes, food carving, increasing in thirst and urination and frequent yawning.
- In some cases confusion. Dizziness, weakness also occurs.
- Pulsing, throbbing and vomiting.
- Hearing noise and music, uncomfortable jerking and other movements.
These medicines are taken at the onset of migration to relieve a headache and reduce its severity.
Painkiller: Some painkiller are commonly used but most of the painkillers must be used with the prescription of the doctor. Side effects if the consumption of painkillers is for the long term are a heart attack, stroke, kidney damage, and stomach ulcer. The painkillers which remove inflammation and pain are :
⦁Acetaminophen (Excedrin, Tylenol)
⦁Ibuprofen ( Advil, Motrin)
⦁Naproxen ( Aleve)
Ergotamines: Ergotamines are the most commonly prescribed for migraine. They cause blood vessels around the brain contract and relieve migraine within a few minutes. Ergotamines have dangerous side effects such as birth defect and heart problem. If you are pregnant or breastfeeder then does not take ergotamine medicines.
⦁Dihydroergotamine (DHE-45, Migranal)
⦁Ergotamine ( Ergomar)
⦁ Ergotamine and caffeine ( Cafatine, Cafergot, Cafetrate, Migergot, Wigraine)
Triptans: Triptans increases serotonin levels in the brain, reduce inflammation and constricting vessels in the brain and effectively ending the migraine. Some possible side effects of triptans are dizziness, drowsiness, nausea, tingling in the toes and tighten and discomfort in the chest.
⦁Eletriptan ( Relpax)
Opioids: Opioids are more powerful medicines in painkiller. Many painkillers pills are made with opioids and other salts. There is always a risk, that opioids become addicted medicine that is why it is important to have a prescription to avoid miss using.
Home remedies for Migraine
Ginger: Ginger is an instant remedy that helps to reduce inflammation of blood vessels in the head, stimulate digestion. It helps the quell nausea that occurs during the migraine. You can take the ginger powder, ginger slice and ginger juice with honey in your eating habit which gives you quick relief.
Cinnamon: Cinnamon is a quick reply of headache. Grind some sticks of cinnamon and add some water to make a thick paste. Apply it on the forehead and lie down for 30 minutes. Then wash it off with luckier water.
Cloves: Cloves are good to treat throbbing head due to it's cooling and pain-relieving properties. Crush some cloves and put them in a clean cloth then inhale the smell of cloves until you feel relief from the pain. And you can also apply a few drops of clove oil on the forehead.
Basile: Basile is used for natural treatment of headache, it has many analgesic benefits. The basil contains oil which helps to relaxant muscles and gets rid of the headache. You can make tea with basil leaves and take little sips of hot tea that makes you feel better.
Physical activities: Yoga, breathing exercise, stretching exercise, meditation and get in moving in a way that can you drop the tension. Regular practising yoga can help to get rid of the migraine.