When insulin (sugar) reaches the pancreas of our body, the level of glucose in the blood increases. This condition is called diabetes. Insulin is a hormone made by the digestive gland. Its function is to convert food inside the body into energy. This is the hormone that controls the amount of sugar in our body. In this medical condition, the body has difficulty in making energy from food. In this situation, increased levels of glucose start damaging various organs of the body.
This medical condition is more in men than women. This medical condition is mostly hereditary and due to lifestyle deterioration. In this, hereditary type-1 and diabetes due to irregular lifestyle are placed in the type-2 category. Also, if you reduce physical exertion, do not sleep properly, have irregular eating, and consume mostly fast food and sweet foods then the chances of an increase in sugar level in the body.
Type 1 diabetes
In this type of diabetes, the beta cells of the pancreas are completely destroyed and thus insulin is not possible to form. It is caused by genetic, auto-immune and some viral infections, due to which beta cells are completely destroyed in childhood. This disease is usually seen in the age of less than 12 to 25 years.
Type 1 Symptoms
In type 1 diabetes, increasing the amount of sugar causes the patient to urinate frequently, due to excess fluid coming out of the body, the patient feels very thirsty. Due to this, there is also a lack of water in the body, the patient starts feeling weak, besides, the heartbeat also increases greatly.
Type 2 diabetes
People with type 2 diabetes have a very high blood sugar level which is very difficult to control. In this condition, the victim feels more thirsty, frequent urination and frequent hunger problems. It can happen to anyone, but it is seen more in children. In this kind of medical condition, the body is unable to use insulin properly.
Some people with type 2 diabetes can control their disease by making healthy food choices and becoming physically active. Many people with this kind of condition also need medicines.
Gestational diabetes – This kind of medical condition occurs during pregnancy, when the amount of sugar in the blood increases. During this period, pregnant women are at greater risk of developing type 2 diabetes.
Type 2 symptoms
Due to this, due to increase in the level of blood sugar in the body, there are problems like fatigue, low vision and headache. As the fluid comes out of the body in excess, it makes the patient feel more thirsty. He does not heal quickly when an injury or wound occurs. Continuous excess of diabetes affects the eyesight, due to which there is a disease called diabetic retinopathy due to which there is a decrease in eyesight.
Medicines for type 2 diabetes
You may also need medicines along with healthy food and physical activity habits to control your type 2 diabetes. You can take many diabetes medicines with the breathing apparatus. These drugs are called oral medicines.
More people with type 2 diabetes begin medical treatment with Metformin tablets. Metformin also comes in liquid form. Metformin reduces the amount of glucose in your liver and helps your body make better use of insulin. This medicine can help you lose a small amount of weight.
Other oral medications work in various ways to reduce glucose levels in the blood. You may need to take another diabetes medicine or use a combination treatment after a while. A mixture of two or three types of diabetes medicines can reduce the level of glucose in the blood more than just once.