Curcumin is a yellow pigment found primarily in turmeric, a flowering plant of the ginger family best known as a spice used in curry. It’s a polyphenol with anti-inflammatory properties and the ability to increase the number of antioxidants that the body produces.
Curcumin and the curcuminoids found in turmeric can be extracted to produce supplements that have a much higher potency than turmeric. However, curcumin is absorbed poorly during digestion, so a myriad of different formulations have been created to improve its bioavailability.
Curcumin may be a bright yellow chemical made by herb plants. It is the principal curcuminoid of turmeric (Curcuma longa), a member of the family, Zingiberaceae. It's oversubscribed as Associate in Nursing flavouring supplement, cosmetics ingredient, food flavouring, and food colouring.
Chemically, curcumin may be a diarylheptanoid, happiness to the cluster of curcuminoids, that are natural phenols accountable for turmeric's yellow colour. It's a tautomeric compound in organic compounds and a keto kind in the water.
Benefits of Curcumin
Here are some of the areas in which both turmeric and curcumin have shown clear benefits, backed by science:
- Osteoarthritis: Plant compounds in turmeric that include curcumin can reduce markers of inflammation and thus relieve osteoarthritis symptoms.
- Obesity: Turmeric and curcumin may inhibit the inflammatory pathway involved in obesity and may help regulate body fat.
- Heart disease: Turmeric and curcumin can reduce “bad” LDL cholesterol and triglycerides and reduce the risk of heart disease as a result.
- Diabetes: Turmeric and curcumin can improve blood sugar metabolism and potentially reduce the effects of diabetes on your body.
- Liver: A rat study found that turmeric extract and curcumin were protective against chronic liver damage by helping reduce harmful oxidative stress.
- Cancer: Though research is still in its early stages, turmeric and curcumin may reduce the activity of colon and other cancer cells.
- Antifungal: Turmeric and curcumin can disrupt fungal cell membranes and could be used in conjunction with fungal medication for better outcomes.
- Antibacterial: Turmeric and curcumin have strong antibacterial effects. They can reduce the growth of many disease-causing bacteria.
- Allergic rhinitis (hay fever) 500 mg of curcumin, a chemical in turmeric, has been used daily for 2 months.
- Depression: 500 mg of curcumin, a chemical in turmeric, has been taken daily, alone or with 20 mg of fluoxetine daily, for 6-8 weeks.
- For high cholesterol: 1.4 grams of turmeric extract in two divided doses daily for 3 months has been used.
- For itching (pruritus): 1500 mg of turmeric in three divided doses daily for 8 weeks has been used. Also, a specific product containing turmeric extract (C3 Complex, Sami Labs LTD) plus black pepper or long pepper has been used daily for 4 weeks.
- For osteoarthritis: 500 mg of a non-commercial product four times daily for 4-6 weeks has been used. 500 mg of turmeric extract (Turmacin, Natural Remedies Pvt. Ltd.) has been used twice daily for 6 weeks.
- For high cholesterol: 1.4 grams of turmeric extract in two divided doses daily for 3 months has been used in children at least 15 years old.
Most Common Turmeric Side Effects
- Blood dilution: In keeping with the National Institutes of Health, turmeric might slow coagulation. Avoid combining with medicinal drugs and/or antiplatelet medication. If you are taking blood dilution medication, visit your health supplier before taking turmeric.
- Diabetes: Turmeric might lower glucose. Avoid turmeric if you are taking polygenic disorder medications since turmeric might cause your glucose to fall even more. this might end in hypoglycaemia.
- Gallbladder: The government agency recommends avoiding turmeric if you presently have issues together with your vesica. If you've got gallstones or a channel obstruction, turmeric might cause your condition to worsen.
- Pregnancy: Turmeric should be avoided throughout the physiological state. in keeping with the government agency, turmeric might stimulate the womb or promote an expelling amount. Government agency conjointly recommends not taking it throughout infant feeding.
- Stomach Complications: Interference with antacid medications may be a potential facet impact of turmeric, in keeping with the University of Maryland heart. Turmeric might cause enlarged abdomen acid if smitten antacids like antacid, Pepcid, Zantac, Nexium, or lansoprazole.