Glipizide

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Description

Glipizide (Glucotrol) is an oral medication for diabetes that helps to check your blood sugar levels which can cause the pancreas to produce more insulin. In the treatment of type 2 diabetes, this medicine is used along with exercise and diet.

Missed dose

Take the missed dose 30 minutes before the next meal. However, if it is almost time for the next scheduled dose, the dose should be skipped to prevent overdose. In case you miss a dose, use it as soon as you notice. If it is close to the time of your next dose, skip the missed dose and resume your dosing schedule. Do not use extra dose to make up for a missed dose.

Overdose

Do not use more than prescribed dose. Taking more medication will not improve your symptoms; rather they may cause poisoning or serious side-effects.  Symptoms of an overdose may include weakness, body shaking, blurred vision, excessive sweating, abdominal pain, and seizures. Sometimes, an overdose of glyphicide can cause a rapid drop in blood sugar levels which can be life-threatening.

How does this medicine work?

Glipizide(Glucotrol) lowers blood sugar levels by stimulating the production of insulin from pancreatic beta cells. It also controls the amount of glucose released into the bloodstream.

Side effects

These side-effects are possible, but do not always occur. Some of the side-effects may be rare but serious. Such as Hypoglycemia, Nausea, Diarrhea, Constipation, Cholestatic, Hives, itching, jaundice, Urticaria, Pruritus. Consult your doctor if you observe any of the following side-effects, especially if they do not go away.

What are the main features of Glipizide (Glucotrol) 

The effect of this medicine lasts for 12-24 hours. The effect of this medicine can be seen within 30 minutes of oral administration. This medicine is not used in pregnant women unless absolutely necessary. It should only be used when the benefits clearly outweigh the risks involved. It is advisable to consult your doctor before taking this medicine.

Use of this medicine during breastfeeding is not recommended. The infant may need to monitor for signs of low blood sugar if this medicine is taken. You should consult your doctor before taking this medicine.

Precautions

Before using this medicine, tell your doctor about your current medications, following products (eg. vitamins, herbal supplements, etc.), allergies, pre-existing diseases, and current health conditions (eg. pregnancy, upcoming surgery, etc.) provide information. Certain health conditions may make you more susceptible to the side effects of the drug. The dosage is based on your condition. If your condition does not improve or if your condition worsens, tell your doctor.

Interactions

Whenever you take more than one medicine or mix it with any other food or beverage, there are interactions. If you are suffering from heart or blood vessel disease, then this medicine should be given with extreme caution. This medicine should not be used in patients with high acid content in the blood as the risk of adverse effects is very high. This applies to both normal and normal patient with ketoacidosis.

If you are suffering from any kidney disease, then this medicine should be given with extreme caution. You should consult your doctor to make a suitable adjustment in dosage quantity or time interval between two doses. If you are suffering from any liver disease then this medicine should be given with extreme caution. You should consult your doctor to make a suitable adjustment in the dosage amount or the time interval between two doses. Consuming large amounts of alcohol is not recommended when you are taking this medicine to control blood sugar levels. It is advisable to reduce alcohol intake so that adverse effects can be avoided.

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