The FDA has approved ivermectin pills for the treatment of intestinal strongyloidiasis and onchocerciasis, two parasitic worm-related diseases. In addition, several topical ivermectin formulations have been licensed for the treatment of external parasites such as head lice and skin diseases including rosacea.
Some types of animal ivermectin have been licensed for the treatment of internal and external parasites as well as the prevention of heartworm disease. It’s vital to understand that these products are not the same as those for humans, and they’re only safe when used in animals as directed.
Ivermectin Benefits & Uses
Ivermectin is used in the treatment of these diseases:
- Parasitic infection
How to use Ivermectin
On an empty stomach, take this drug with a full glass of water (8 ounces or 240 milliliters) at least 1 hour before a meal. Ivermectin is often administered in a single dosage or a series of doses, or as advised by your doctor.
Dosage is determined by your weight, medical condition, and treatment response.
If your issue persists or worsens, contact your doctor.
Headache, dizziness, muscle discomfort, nausea, and diarrhea are all possible side effects. During the first four days of treatment for “river blindness” (onchocerciasis), you may have joint discomfort, tender/swollen lymph nodes, eye swelling/redness/pain, weakness, visual changes, itching, rash, and fever as a result of the dying parasites. Tell your doctor or pharmacist right away if any of these side effects persist or worsen.
When rising gently from a sitting or laying position, you can reduce dizziness when standing.
Keep in mind that your doctor ordered this medication because he or she believes the benefit to you outweighs the risk of adverse effects. The majority of people who take this medicine do not have any substantial adverse effects.
If you have any of the following rare but serious side effects: neck/back pain, swelling of the face/arms/hands/feet, chest pain, fast heartbeat, confusion, seizures, or loss of consciousness, contact your doctor straight once.
This medicine seldom causes a severe allergic reaction. However, if you detect any symptoms of a major allergic response, such as a rash, itching/swelling (particularly of the face/tongue/throat), extreme dizziness, or problems breathing, seek medical help right once.
- If you are allergic to it or have any other allergies, notify your doctor or pharmacist before taking ivermectin. Inactive chemicals may be present in this product, causing allergic reactions or other difficulties. For more information, check with your pharmacist.
- Before taking this drug, inform your doctor or pharmacist about any previous medical conditions you’ve had, especially if you’ve had liver problems.
- If you’ve travelled or lived in West or Central Africa, you could be afflicted with parasites (such as Loa loa, African trypanosomiasis) that make ivermectin therapy difficult. These side effects could have substantial (perhaps deadly) consequences for the brain (such as encephalopathy). For more information, talk to your doctor.
- This medication has the potential to make you dizzy. You may become dizzy if you consume alcohol or marijuana (cannabis). Do not drive, operate machinery, or engage in any other activity that requires attentiveness until you are sure you can do so safely. Limit your intake of alcoholic beverages. If you use marijuana, talk to your doctor (cannabis).
- Tell your doctor or dentist about all the products you consume before surgery (including prescription drugs, nonprescription drugs, and herbal products).
- If you have a weakened immune system (for example, as a result of HIV infection), you may need to take this prescription again. For further information, consult your physician.
- This drug should only be taken during pregnancy if absolutely necessary. With your do, go over the dangers and rewards.
- If you take other drugs or herbal products at the same time, the effects of some drugs may alter. This can put you at risk for major side effects or prevent your medications from working properly.
- These drug interactions can happen, but they don’t always happen. Changes in how you take your medications or regular monitoring by your doctor or pharmacist can often prevent or control interactions.
- Before beginning therapy with this product, be sure to tell your doctor or pharmacist about all of the products you use (including prescription pharmaceuticals, nonprescription drugs, and herbal products) so that they can provide you with the best care possible. Do not start, stop, or change the dosage of any other medicines you are taking while using this product without first consulting your doctor.
- Barbiturates (phenobarbital, butalbital), benzodiazepines (clonazepam, lorazepam), sodium oxybate (GHB), and valproic acid are some of the items that may interact with this medicine.
- There aren’t all conceivable interactions in this document. Make a list of everything you’re using. To reduce your chance of major prescription problems, share this list with your doctor and pharmacist.
If someone has overdosed and has serious symptoms such as passing out or trouble breathing, call or go to the doctor. Symptoms of overdose may include: numbness, tingling, trouble breathing, loss of coordination, seizures.
Do not share this medication with others. This medication has been prescribed for your current condition only. Do not use it later for another infection unless your doctor directs you to do so. A different medication may be necessary in that case.
To monitor your progress or check for adverse effects, laboratory and/or medical tests (such as stool checks for intestinal parasites) should be performed on a regular basis. Because ivermectin does not destroy mature Onchocerca worms, you may need extra medical exams and therapy if you’re being treated for “river blindness.” For more information, talk to your doctor.
If you forget to take a dose, do so as soon as you remember. If the next dose is approaching, skip the missing dose. Take your next dose at the same time every day. Do not double the dose to catch up.
Store away from light and moisture at a temperature below 86 degrees F (30 degrees C). Keep out of the bathroom. Keep all medications out of the reach of children and dogs.
Unless otherwise directed, do not flush or pour drugs down the toilet or into a drain. When this product has expired or is no longer needed, properly dispose of it. For further information on how to safely dispose of your product, contact your pharmacist or a local trash disposal firm.