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Vaccines before and after and during pregnancy for women

Various types of changes take place in the body of women during pregnancy. During this time, his body becomes sensitive to infectious diseases. In such a situation, only nutritious food and exercise is not enough to protect the mother and baby during pregnancy. Some other things also need to be considered.

Vaccination is very important to increase the immunity of a woman during pregnancy. At the beginning of pregnancy, the doctor informs you which tests you have to get and which vaccines to be administered during pregnancy. The pregnant mother must get vaccinated for the care and protection of the health of the unborn child. Vaccination protects both mother and baby from many types of infectious diseases.

This process is called passive immunization. Vaccination during pregnancy protects the child from diseases in the womb and until some time after birth. However, you should not wait to get vaccinated for pregnancy, as some vaccines cannot be given during pregnancy. The vaccination process must begin long before you become pregnant.

Vaccination in pregnancy

There are various changes in the body of women during pregnancy. During this time, their body becomes sensitive to infectious diseases. In such a situation, nutritious food and exercise is not enough to protect the mother and baby during pregnancy. Some other things also need to be considered and vaccination is one of them. The pregnant mother must get vaccinated for the care and protection of the health of the unborn child. Vaccination protects both mother and baby from many types of infectious diseases. By applying the vaccine, the pregnant woman’s body acts as an antibody, which helps protect the baby from infection. This is why vaccination is necessary during pregnancy.

Which vaccines are recommended in pregnancy? 

All pregnant women need to be vaccinated during pregnancy to protect them from some serious diseases. Also, some other vaccines should be administered with the advice of a doctor:

Tdap vaccine: tetanus, diphtheria and pertussis are very serious diseases. Tdap vaccine must be given during every pregnancy to prevent pregnant women and infants. Under this, 2 vaccines of tetanus toxoid  (TT) are applied to the pregnant woman. Tetanus Toxoid Vaccine is used to protect against tetanus. TT-1 is vaccinated in the early days of pregnancy and TT-2 is vaccinated four weeks after it. After this, if the woman is pregnant again within the next three years, then this time only the booster TT vaccine will be given.

vaccinePerfect time to vaccinatedoseWhere will the vaccine be
TT – 1Early in pregnancy0.5 mlOver arm
TT – 2TT – 1 after 4 weeks0.5 mlOver arm
Tt boosterIf a pregnant woman has received 2 vaccines of TT in the last 3 years, then she should be given only booster TT vaccine during the current pregnancy.0.5 mlOver arm

Influenza vaccine: The immune system, heart and lungs of pregnant women (after two weeks of delivery) can be affected due to flu. There is a risk of serious illness from this. It can also be harmful for the unborn baby. Therefore, vaccination of influenza is necessary. Influenza vaccine given to pregnant women reduces the disease called influenza by 63% in infants up to the age of 6 months.

Whooping Cough (Whooping Cough) Vaccine: Because of serious complications like pneumonia and inflammation of the brain, whooping cough is called whooping cough. This condition can be dangerous for the unborn baby. Doctors recommend getting the vaccine as soon as possible in the third trimester (between 27 and 36 weeks of pregnancy).

Which vaccines should be avoided in pregnancy

Pregnant women should avoid the following vaccines-

1. Hepatitis A

The safety and potency of this vaccination has not been fully tested. Mothers who are at greater risk of exposure to this virus should consult their doctor for the risks and benefits of this vaccine before choosing it.

2. MMR (measles, mumps, rubella)

It is a live-virus vaccine and having an initial test of rubella will know if you are immune to the rubella virus. If you are not immune to rubella, you will be given this virus only after delivery.

3. varicella

Varicella is a vaccine given one month before pregnancy. It is used to prevent chickenpox in infants, it is not appropriate to take it during pregnancy.

4. HPV Vaccine

Vaccination of human papillomavirus virus is inappropriate during pregnancy.

5. Pneumococcal

Due to the safety nature of this vaccine not known, it is not suitable for pregnant women. Only women who are at serious risk of a prolonged illness should consult a doctor before taking this vaccine.

6. Oral Polio Vaccine (POV) and Inactive Polio Vaccine (IPV)

It is not recommended to give both versions of polio vaccines (live and inactive) to pregnant women.

Side effects after vaccination

Although the benefits are more than these, you may experience the following side effects during pregnancy after one of the above vaccinations-

  • redness
  • swelling
  • Vaccination site pain
  • Fatigue
  • body pain
  • Abnormal rashes
  • Vomiting
  • Diarrhea
  • stomach pain
  • Fever

If you plan to travel abroad to places with vaccine-preventive infection, consult your doctor and ask about other vaccinations you may need before your pregnancy.

Precautions to be taken for vaccination in pregnancy

It is important to keep some things in mind while undergoing vaccination during pregnancy, such as:

  • Be sure to consult your doctor before getting vaccinated.
  • If you are pregnant within 4 weeks of getting the vaccine, then tell your doctor about it.
  • If you are getting the necessary vaccines in your office, then tell that you are pregnant before getting vaccinated. It is better that you talk to your doctor about this.
  • Every woman should get 2 vaccines of tetanus toxoid on first pregnancy.

Pregnancy Vaccines: Some vaccines should be administered before pregnancy. Before getting the vaccine, a blood test should be done on the advice of the doctor. After this, some vaccines can be administered on the advice of the doctor, such as: MMR (measles, mumps and rubella). Rubella is such a serious disease that can cause miscarriage. The best protection against this disease is the MMR vaccine.

Hepatitis-B: If hepatitis-B infection occurs during pregnancy, it can happen to the baby after birth. Hepatitis-B can cause serious health problems for the child.

Vaccines during pregnancy

The pregnant requires multiple vaccinations.

DPT vaccine: DPT i.e. diphtheria, tetanus, pertussis vaccine is applied to pregnant.

Influenza Vaccine: Influenza vaccine is necessary to get pregnant.

Whooping phlegm vaccine: To avoid whooping cough (whooping cough), doctors recommend to apply it.

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