Coumadin suppresses the effects of vitamin K, which actively participates in clotting of the blood. It results in the prevention of blood clot formation. Blood clots may form in different parts of the body such as in vessels of extremities after periods of immobility, in vessels of lungs, around artificial heart valves causing embolism and shortness of breath, chest pain depending on the place where they block a vessel. Coumadin is used for the treatment of patients with blood clots in the lower extremities, in certain. Warfarin is used to treat and prevent blood clots that might result in heart attack,
stroke, or death. It's also used for blood clots in atrial fibrillation, heart valve replacement, venous thrombosis, and pulmonary embolism.
Never take a double dose of Coumadin. It may be taken with or without food. Patients with liver or kidney dysfunction should take lower doses of the medication.
The more common side effects that occur with Warfarin are related to abnormal bleeding
1. Red or brown urine.
2. Unusual bruising, such as:
3. Bruises that grow size.
4. Bleeding gums.
5. Bleeding from Cuts that takes a long time to stop.
6. Black or bloody stool.
7. Severe headache or stomach pain.
8. Joint pain, discomfort or swelling, especially after an injury.
9. Vomiting of blood or material that looks like coffee grounds.
10. Coughing up blood.
11. Brushing that develops without an injury you remember.
Allergy warning: Warfarin can cause a severe allergic reaction. Symptoms may include: trouble breathing; swelling of your throat or tongue; don't take
this drug again if you' ‘ve ever had an allergic reaction to it. Taking it again could be fatal. For people with high blood pressure: You may have a higher risk of bleeding if you take Warfarin. For people with heart disease or stroke: If you have heart disease or a stroke problem, your blood vessels may already be damaged and can easily bleed. Warfarin may increase your risk of bleeding. For pregnant women: Warfarin should not be used during pregnancy except in women with mechanical heart valves, who are at high risk of clots. A clot can harm both the mother and the baby. For children: Warfarin hasn't been established as safe or effective for use in
children younger than 18 years.