Cetirizine

Brand Name: Zyrtec
Manufacturer: 
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Description

Cetirizine medicine is used for the treatment of diseases like itchy throat or nose, runny nose, watery eyes, prolonged urticaria, and allergic rhinitis. It belongs to the class of antihistamines drug that helps in relieving allergy by blocking the route of histamine. Histamine is the compound responsible for causing an allergic reaction in your body to itching, cold, sneezing and other such reactions. This tablet only helps reduce symptoms but will not help prevent them.

Dosage

If you forget to take a dose of cetirizine, take your dose as soon as you remember. However, if you want to take your next dose shortly after this, do not take it and keep consuming it according to your regular dose.

How does this medication work

This drug selectively inhibits peripheral H1 receptors thereby lowering the level of histamine in the body. It works specifically on allergies caused by the airways going into the stomach and intestines, blood vessels and lungs.

Use of citrigene

If you are taking a chewing tablet, then chew the tablet thoroughly before use, and only then swallow the pill. Also, if using a dissolving tablet, allow the tablet to dissolve on the tongue and then swallow it with or without water. On the other hand, if using it as a liquid, then take the dose from the given device to measure the dosage. Each dose of the drug may be based on age, medical condition, and response to treatment. So do not increase or decrease your dose

Side Effects
Cetirizine may cause side effects. Tell your doctor if any of these symptoms are severe or do not go away: Sleeplessness, diarrhea, nausea or vomiting, irregular heartbeat, abdominal pain. If you experience any kind of side effect after the use of this medicine, get medical help immediately.

Precautions

Before using this medicine, provide information about your current medicines, the following products like vitamins, herbal supplements, etc. to your doctor. Certain health conditions may make you more susceptible to the side effects of the drug. If you are pregnant, planning to become pregnant or breastfeeding, consult your doctor before consuming it. This medicine should not be used if you are allergic to cetirizine. Before using this medicine, tell your doctor about all your medical conditions. Tell your doctor if taking any other medicines regularly. Eg, other allergy medicine, pain medication, sleeping pills. Consuming citriazine with other such drugs poses a risk of side effects.

Interactions

Whenever you take more than one drug or mix it with any other food or beverage, there is a risk of interactions. This medicine should not be taken by patients suffering from liver or kidney related diseases without first consulting a doctor, as it can cause some serious side effects. People suffering from epilepsy should also be cautious while taking the medicine as there is a risk of experiencing cramps. Pregnant women should not take this medicine as it may affect fetal development. It is advised that you do not consume alcohol on this medicine, as it may cause excessive drowsiness or calmness. It is not safe with alcohol. This tablet may interact with certain medications and ingredients to cause adverse side effects. You should avoid the tablet if you are already taking medicines that contain ingredients such as alprazolam, codeine or isocarboxazid. It is recommended that you discuss your medical history with a doctor to avoid any possible side effects.

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