Definition: Clonidine (Catapres)belongs to the medicines called antihypertensives. It helps in the brain to change some of the nerve impulses. Blood vessels are relaxed and blood passes through them more easily, which lowers blood pressure. When the blood pressure is lowered, then the amount of blood and oxygen going to the heart is increased.
Clonidine mainly used to lower down hypertension (blood pressure).
Clonidine is also used for menopausal flushing and migraine headache. Please do always ask your doctor why he is prescribing you this medicine
Side Effects: Dizziness, drowsiness, tiredness, stuffy nose, dry mouth, may occur. If any of these effects are heavy on your body tell your doctor or pharmacist promptly. To relieve dry mouth, suck on ice chips, drink water. Tell to your doctor if you have any serious side effects, including fainting, slow/irregular heartbeat, mental/mood changes (such as irritability, depression.
Dosage: Usual Adult Dose for Hypertension
-Initial dose: 0.1 mg orally 2 times a day (morning and bedtime)
-Titration: Increments of 0.1 mg orally per day may be made at weekly intervals to the desired response
-Maintenance dose: 0.2 to 0.6 mg orally per day in divided doses
-Maximum dose: 2.4 mg orally per day in divided doses
Usual Adult Dose for Pain
-Initial dose: 30 mcg/hr as a continuous infusion
-Titration: May be titrated up or down depending on pain relief and the occurrence of adverse events
Maximum dose of 40 mcg/hr as a continuous infusion
Use: For the treatment of severe pain (in combination with opiates) in cancer patients that is not adequately relieved by opioid analgesics alone. The epidural formulation is more likely to be effective in patients with neuropathic pain than somatic or visceral pain.
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