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Listeria monocytogenes is a type of bacteria that is found in water and soil. Vegetables can become contaminated from the soil, and animals can also be carriers. Listeria has been found in uncooked meat, uncooked vegetables, unpasteurized milk, foods made from unpasteurized milk, and processed foods. Listeria is killed by pasteurization and cooking. There is a chance that contamination may occur in ready-to-eat foods such as hot dogs and other daily meats because contamination may occur after cooking and before packaging.

Listeriosis, conjointly referred to as true bacteria, are often a significant infection; it strikes pregnant ladies, newborns, the older, and anyone with a weakened system.

In this article,  it cross-checks the symptoms, diagnosis, and treatment of infectious disease.  However, the bacterium works, the most effective ways in which to avoid infection, and up to date analysis in preventing disease. 

Listeria is responsible for around 1,600 illnesses and 260 deaths in the United States yearly, exceeding the fatality rates of Salmonella and Clostridium botulinum. This rate of infection has remained relatively stable over recent years.

Fast facts on listeriosis

Here are some key points concerning infectious disease. a lot of detail and supporting data is within the main article. The following facts  are included:

  • Listeriosis is an infection caused by L. monocytogenes
  • Calculable 260 Americans die of infectious disease yearly.
  • Only the immunological disorder and pregnant women are in danger of a significant case of infectious disease.
  • Listeriosis will cause sepsis or infectious disease.
  • Pregnant women are likely to be infected with true bacteria.


The initial symptoms of infectious disease may not be apparent for a few times; the time period is variable and can be 11-70 days intense food with true bacteria. The following symptoms of true bacteria infection seemingly to last 1-3 days:

  • muscle aches
  • fever
  • flu-like symptoms
  • nausea
  • diarrhoea
  • headache
  • confusion
  • stiff neck
  • tremors and convulsions
  • loss of balance

Listeria Causes

Listeriosis is caused by true bacteria, which is unremarkably found in water, soil, and faeces. Humans are infected ounce they consume foods that harbour the bacterium.

Adults UN agency has healthy immune systems and less in danger of infectious disease. The following is an association related to the risk of infection:

  • age over sixty-five years
  • AIDS (acquired immune deficiency syndrome)
  • existing renal disorder
  • chemotherapy
  • cirrhosis
  • diabetes
  • surgical removal of the spleen


Although the infectious disease is rare, there is a difference in the probability of becoming infected; These especially vital throughout pregnancy:

  • Cleanliness – Wash hands with heat saphenous water before making ready food. Clean utensils and work surfaces in the same manner.
  • Raw vegetables – Scrub clean water with a brush.
  • Cook totally – Make sure that meat and egg dishes at A food measuring system are often helpful.
  • Cheese – Avoid soft cheeses as well as cheese, feta, Camembert, blue-veined cheeses, Mexican-style cheeses like queso fresco, panela, and queso Blanco; unless the label is clearly specified.
  • Meat – Avoid cold meats, especially food shop meats and hot dogs, unless boiled at an extreme temperature before uptake. Use caution to scrub something that comes into contact with raw and cold boiled meat.
  • Smoked food – Avoid cold smoke-cured food unless it’s boiled totally before consumption.

Risk factors

Pregnant girls and other people in the world have weak immune systems are at highest risk of getting eubacteria infection.

  1. Pregnant girls and their babies: Pregnant girls are more likely to be infected with infections than alternative healthy adults. Though a eubacteria infection could cause a harmless problem within the mother, consequences for the baby could include:
  • Miscarriage
  • Stillbirth
  • Premature birth
  • A probably fatal infection

2. People who have weak immune systems: This class includes folks who:

  • Are older than sixty
  • Have AIDS
  • Are undergoing therapy
  • Have a polygenic disease or renal disorder
  • Take high-dose glucocorticoid gold bound arthritis medication
  • Take medications to dam rejection of a transplanted organ


Most eubacterium infections are difficult to go unheeded. However, in some cases, a eubacterium infection will result in serious complications  including:

  • A generalized blood infection (septicemia)
  • Inflammation of the membranes and fluid encompassing the brain (meningitis)

Complications of a eubacterium infection could also be most severe for AN unhatched baby. Early in physiological state, eubacterium infection might result in miscarriage. Later in physiological state, a eubacterium infection may result in spontaneous abortion, premature birth or a doubtless fatal infection within the baby’s birth.


Treatment of correct bacteria infection varies, reckoning on the severity of the signs and symptoms. The general public with delicate symptoms needs no treatment. More-serious infections are often treated with antibiotics

During maternity, prompt antibiotic treatment could facilitate keep the infection from poignant the baby. Newborns WHO have a true bacteria infection could receive a mix of antibiotics.

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Menopause and Weight gain


Menopause weight gain: Stop the center age unfold

Most women gain weight as they age, however excess pounds are not inevitable. to reduce climacteric weight gain, accelerate your activity level and luxuriate in a healthy diet.

By dressing Clinic employees

As you develop, you would possibly notice that maintaining your usual weight becomes tougher. In fact, many ladies gain weight round the climacteric transition.

Menopause weight gain is not inevitable, however. you’ll be able to reverse course by being attentive to healthy-eating habits and leading a full of life manner.

What causes climacteric weight gain?

The secretion changes of climacteric may cause you to additional possible to realize weight around your abdomen than around your hips and thighs. But, secretion changes alone do not essentially cause climacteric weight gain. Instead, the burden gain is sometimes associated with aging, still as manner and genetic factors.

For example, muscle mass generally diminishes with age, whereas fat will increase. Loss of muscle mass decreases the speed at that your body uses calories, which might build it more difficult to take care of a healthy weight. If you still eat as you mostly have and do not increase your physical activity, you are possible to realize weight.

Genetic factors conjointly may play a job in climacteric weight gain. If your oldsters or alternative shut relatives carry additional weight round the abdomen, you are possible to try to to an equivalent.

Other factors, like an absence of exercise, unhealthy consumption and not enough sleep, may contribute to climacteric weight gain. once folks aren’t getting enough sleep, they have a tendency to snack additional and consume additional calories.

How risky is weight gain once menopause?

Menopause weight gain will have serious implications for your health. Excess weight will increase the chance of heart condition, sort two polytechnic disease, respiratory issues and varied sorts of cancer, as well as breast, colon and endometrial carcinoma.

What’s the best thanks to forestall weight gain once menopause?

There’s no magic formula for preventing — or reversing — climacteric weight gain. merely persist with weight-control basics:

Move more. Aerobic activity will assist you shed excess pounds and maintain a healthy weight. Strength coaching counts, too. As you gain muscle, your body burns calories additional with efficiency — that makes it easier to regulate your weight.

for many healthy adults, specialists suggest moderate aerobic activity, like brisk walking, for a minimum of one hundred fifty minutes every week or vigorous aerobic activity, like cardiopulmonary exercise, for a minimum of seventy five minutes every week. additionally, strength coaching exercises area unit suggested a minimum of doubly every week. If you wish to change state or meet specific fitness goals, you would possibly got to exercise additional.

Eat less. to take care of your current weight — in addition to lose excess pounds — you would possibly want regarding two hundred fewer calories every day throughout your 50s than you probably did throughout your 30s and 40s.

to cut back calories while not skimping on nutrition, concentrate to what you are consumption and drinking. select additional fruits, vegetables and whole grains, significantly those who area unit less processed and contain additional fiber.

Legumes, nuts, soy, meat, fish or chicken area unit healthy macromolecule choices. Replace butter, stick paste and shortening with oils, like olive or oil.

Check your sweet habit. accessorial sugars account for nearly three hundred calories every day within the average yank diet. regarding half these calories return from sugar-sweetened beverages, like soft drinks, juices, energy drinks, tasteful waters, and sugary low tea.

Alternative foods that contribute to excess dietary sugar embody cookies, pies, cakes, doughnuts, frozen dessert and candy.

Limit alcohol. Alcoholic beverages add excess calories to your diet and increase the chance of gaining weight.

look for support. Surround yourself with friends and idolized ones United Nations agency support your efforts to eat a healthy diet and increase your physical activity. Better yet, aggroup and build the life-style changes along.

Remember, roaring weight loss at any stage of life needs permanent changes in diet and exercise habits. attempt to manner changes and luxuriate in a healthier you.

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Are that opioid is the best medication for pain

Opioids are a type of narcotic pain medication. they can have serious aspect effects in case you don’t use them efficiently. for human beings who have an opioid dependency, their problem frequently started with a prescription

If you have a moderate headache or muscle ache, an over-the-counter ache reliever is typically enough to make you feel higher. however in case, your ache is more intense, your health practitioner might endorse something more potent — a prescription opioid.

In case you want to take opioids to govern your pain, here are some approaches to make certain you are taking them as competently as feasible.

How opioids works

Opioid tablets bind to opioid receptors in the mind, spinal twine, and different areas of the frame. they inform your mind you’re now not in pain.

They’re used to treat moderate to severe pain that may not reply nicely to other ache medicinal drugs. Opioid capsules consist of:

  • 1. Codeine (most effective available in a conventional form)
  • 2. Fentanyl (Actiq, Duragesic, fentora, abstral, onsolis)
  • 4. Hydrocodone (hysingla, zohydro er)Hydrocodone/acetaminophen (Lorcet, Lortab, Norco, Vicodin)
  • 5. Hydromorphone (Dilaudid, exalgo)
  • 6. Meperidine (Demerol)
  • 7. Methadone (dolophine, methadose)
  • 8. Morphine (Kadian, morphabond)
  • 9. Oxycodone (Oxycontin, oxaydo)
  • 10. Oxycodone and acetaminophen (Percocet, roxicet)
  • 11. Oxycodone and naloxone
  • 12. Your doctor can prescribe the maximum of these pills to take via the mouth. fentanyl is available in a     patch. a patch lets in the drugs to be absorbed through the skin.

Working with your health practitioner

You’ll need a prescription out of your health practitioner before you start taking opioids. the health practitioner can adjust the dose as had to assist manipulate pain.

You can acquire round-the-clock doses to manage ache at some point of the day and night time. and your physician might also prescribe opioids to be taken “as needed” if you have “breakthrough” ache — a flare of ache that you get notwithstanding spherical-the-clock doses.

Even as you are on opioid ache medicines, check-in together with your doctor often. your health practitioner will need to realize:

  • 1. How your pain is responding to the drug
  • 2. Whether or not you are having any side outcomes
  • 3. Whether or not you’ve got any ability interactions or medical conditions that would make you more likely to have facet effects, along with sleep apnea, alcohol use, or kidney problems.
  • 4. Whether you’re taking the drug well

In no way change or forestall taking any opioid medicine without first checking along with your doctor. if an ache medication is not working as well as it must, your health practitioner may also transfer you to a one of a kind dose — or upload on or attempt any other drug.

When you’re equipped to stop taking opioids, your health practitioner may also help wean you off them slowly — when you have taken them for a long time — to provide your frame time to adjust. in any other case, you could have withdrawal symptoms.

Opioid side results

One of the reasons why your medical doctor needs to manage ache medications so closely is that they can reason aspect results, consisting of:

  • 1. Constipation
  • 2. Drowsiness
  • 3. Nausea and vomiting

The drugs lubiprostone (amitiza), methylnaltrexone (relistor), naldemedine (symproic), And naloxegol (movantik) are accepted to deal with constipation due to opioid use in people with persistent pain. 

Opioids may be risky in case you take them with alcohol, or with sure tablets including:

  • 1. A few antidepressants
  • 2. A few antibiotics
  • 3. Dozing capsules

Keep reading underneath
Ensure your doctor is aware of all the other drug treatments you are taking. that consists of:

  • 1. Pharmaceuticals
  • 2. Over the counter pills
  • 3. Natural supplements

Opioid tolerance and dependency

After taking opioid ache remedy for at the same time as you would possibly locate that you need more and more of the drug to acquire the same impact in easing the ache. this is called tolerance. it is now not the same as addiction, which involves compulsive use of a drug.

When you operate opioid remedy over a prolonged time frame, you can have dependence. this could show up while your body will become so used to the drug that if you unexpectedly stop taking it, you get withdrawal symptoms such as:

  • 1. Diarrhoea, nausea, and vomiting
  • 2. Muscle ache
  • 3. Anxiety
  • 4. Irritability

You can also get a serious addiction to opioid pain medicines. those who are addicted compulsively searching for out the ache medications. their conduct usually leads to bad effects in their private lives or place of job. they might take a person else’s drugs or purchase them off the road, that is specifically dangerous in view that those drugs are often laced with lethal amounts of fentanyl.

If you are having a problem with dependancy, you need to see your doctor or an addiction expert.

Have to you take opioid ache medicines?

Opioids can make a dramatic distinction to people with slight to extreme ache. these drugs can be an effective remedy — as long as you operate them appropriately and follow your doctor’s commands cautiously.

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Benefits of Walking

benefits of walking

Walking is one of the main gaits of locomotion among legged animals. Walking is typically slower than running and other gaits. Walking is defined by an ‘inverted pendulum’ gait in which the body vaults over the stiff limb or limbs with each step.

Walking can provide a lot of the same benefits of running. But running burns nearly double the number of calories as walking. For example, for someone who’s 160 pounds, running at 5 miles per hour (mph) burns 606 calories. If your goal is to lose weight, running is a better choice than walking.

1. Improves Heart Health: Walking helps to boost your heart health. Irish scientists have reportable that walking is the best exercise for inactive people, particularly adults, to scale back the chance of heart and vessel diseases (2).In another study revealed within the Journal of Yankee medicine Society, scientists confirmed that men and ladies of sixty-five years old or older, World Health Organization walked for a minimum of four hours each week, we’re at less risk of disorder (3). So, check that to steer for four hours or a lot of per week to stay heart condition, disorder, and stroke treed.

2. Aids Weight Loss: Walking may be a nice exercise and helps you slim down. Yankee scientists designed AN experiment wherever weighty patients walked along (a concept referred to as the ‘walking bus’) to their destinations in and around the town. once eight weeks, their weight was checked, and quite five-hundredths of the participants lost a mean of five pounds (4). Therefore, it’d be a decent plan to begin walking to and from your near destinations, rather than driving your automobile.

3. Regulates pressure: Walking also can facilitate lower pressure. Researchers from Wakayama Medical faculty, Japan conducted AN experiment on people with gentle cardiovascular disease, wherever eighty-three participants walked ten,000 steps per day for twelve weeks. At the top of twelve weeks, they showed a big drop by pressure and accumulated stamina (5). though you’re unable to finish ten,000 steps per day, you ought to walk for a minimum of an hour each day to stay your pressure levels in restraint.

4. Fights Cancer: Cancer has claimed over 1,000,000 lives. An inactive modus vivendi is one amongst the causes of cancer, and this is often be} wherever walking each day can assist you. Scientists have found that walking will facilitate weight loss, thereby reducing the chance of cancer. Walking has been found to be useful for those undergoing cancer treatment by reducing the aspect effects of therapy (6). It also can lower the chance of carcinoma.

5. Improves Circulation: Believe it or not, walking will really increase your intelligence. Walking helps to provide the brain with the desired amount of chemical element and aldohexose, that helps it perform higher. It additionally decreases the degree of cholesterin, that clogs arteries, and thus reduces the chance of stroke (7). So, walking will facilitate improve blood circulation, which helps the brain and cellular functions.

6. Reduces Risk Of polygenic disease: A inactive modus vivendi has a light-emitting diode to AN exponential growth of 1 of the foremost common diseases polygenic disease. Scientists suggest no but five,000 steps on a daily basis with quite three,000 of these steps being a brisk walk to assist manage sort a pair of polygenic disease (8). Walking each day will facilitate management the blood glucose levels, which, in turn, will assist you to stop sort a pair of polygenic disease.

7. Strengthens Bones: Your bones tend to become weaker as you age. however, the nice news is you’ll be able to strengthen your bones by walking often. This low-impact exercise prevents loss of bone density, thereby reducing the chance of pathology, fracture, and injury. Since bones confirm our framework, stronger and healthier bones facilitate to boost posture, stamina, and balance (9). Walking also can stop inflammatory disease and scale back the attendant pain.

8. Strengthens Muscles: Like bones, you’ll be able to additionally expertise loss of muscles as you age. Here too, walking will assist you by strengthening and toning your muscles and preventing muscle loss. Regular walking will strengthen your leg and back muscles (10).

9. Improves Digestion: Improper digestion will result in channel discomfort, bloating, constipation, diarrhoea, and even carcinoma. Therefore, it’s vital that you simply keep your gastrointestinal system healthy. with the exception of maintaining sensible food habits and drinkable, you ought to additionally walk to boost digestion. Walking once meals are nice. It helps you scale back weight and additionally supports your gastrointestinal system (11) (12).

10. Boosts Immune perform: Your body’s system ought to perform properly in any respect times to forestall infections, diseases, and death. Walking may be a good way to spice up your immunity. Walking a minimum of a half-hour on a daily basis will facilitate bolster the activities of the immune cells, namely, the B-cells, T-cells, and natural killer cells (13). It helps unleash the WBCs at a quicker rate, thereby permitting your body to heal quickly (14).

11. Prevents insanity: Dementia may be a neurologic condition characterised by gradual loss of memory and psychological feature functions. It will eventually cause you to be unable to perform everyday functions and all captivated with others. Walking often at a moderate pace will facilitate stop insanity, improve memory, and build confidence in older people (15).

12. will increase respiratory organ capability: Walking also can increase your respiratory organ capability. after you walk, you inhale additional of} O 8|chemical element|element|gas} as compared to after you are stationary. This exchange of O 8|chemical element|element|gas} and carbonic acid gas at a bigger volume will facilitate increase your respiratory organ capability, thereby increasing your stamina and exercise performance (16). the most effective half is, you don’t even ought to run. A medium-paced 60-minute walk (with breaks, if you wish them!) will do the trick.

13. Delays Aging: A study conducted with seventeen,000 Harvard graduates showed that students UN agency walked for a minimum of a half-hour a day lived longer than those that were inactive (17). Walking might or might not activate the enzyme catalyst, that is chargeable for maintaining polymer integrity, a {very important} think about ageing, however, it helps forestall several age-related issues (18).

14. Helps manufacture cholecalciferol: Walking within the morning may be a nice chance for your body to supply cholecalciferol. cholecalciferol is crucial for bone strength and it prevents cancer, sclerosis, and polygenic disease kind one. So, it’s vital that you just get a minimum of 10-15 minutes of morning sun exposure, and walking may be a good way to try to to therefore.

15. Reduces Stress: Walking will facilitate scale back the strain levels by rising circulation, which, in turn, provides nutrients and O to the cells. It additionally stimulates the system receptors and reduces the assembly of the strain hormones (19). inhaling and out whereas walking additionally helps to suspire the stress.

16. Uplifts Mood: Several scientific studies have tested that physical activity will facilitate forestall depression. Walking is extremely suggested by physicians and psychiatrists to assist uplift mood. So, if you’re feeling depressed or unhappy, you ought to simply take a walk and obtain some recent air to feel higher (20).

17. Improves Memory: Japanese scientists have found that walking will facilitate improve the memory of older patients (21). exercise helps to extend the scale of hippocampus whereas an inactive fashion shrinks the hippocampus, resulting in a state of mind (22). So, walk a day to offer your memory power a significant boost.

18. will increase Productivity: Walking frequently also can cause you to add active and energetic. This, in turn, will increase your productivity. Be it in school or work, your memory, agility, and your reaction to totally different stimuli can considerably amendment for the higher.

19. will increase Your creativeness: Walking additionally helps to extend your creativeness. It helps calm your nerves and relaxes your brain. after you walk, you don’t have the pressure of a point in time or meeting a definite expectation. This helps your brain to assume strategically and in an exceedingly additional sorted method. So, if you’re cursed a haul, take a walk!

20. Builds Social SupportWalking will assist you to build social support and create new friends UN agency can encourage you to steer a day. you may anticipate to meeting them. Also, you’ll walk to support a social cause. At the top of the day, you may be full of positive energy and peace.

It is clear from this list that walking will improve your health in some ways, however, what preparations do one got to create if you wish to begin walking? Explained within the next section.

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Insomnia meaning: Difficulty in falling and/or staying asleep, it is a sleep disorder. We can relate to Insomnia to poor habits, poor in sleep due to the excessive use of mobile and TV or any other electronic gadgets. One can also have Insomnia if is having Stress, Tension, Anxiety, Lack of exercise or weakness due to long or chronic illness. Insomnia is curable by treatment by taking medicines, but you have to control conditions/reasons for having insomnia.

People with insomnia have one or more of the following symptoms:

  1. Difficulty falling asleep in the whole night.
  2. Waking up often during the night for any reason.
  3. And having trouble going back to sleep.
  4. Feeling tiredness after waking due to lack of sleep

Causes of Insomnia

  1. Prolonged illness may be one of the reason.
  2. Weakness in the body for any medical reason like diabetes or other medical conditions.
  3. Injury pain or any other pain like burn pain or others.
  4. Living in a noisy atmosphere where you are not able to get sleep.
  5. Not able to sleep due to shifting hours, like working in the night and sleeping in the day.
  6. Emotional reasons like separated or the death of a member of the family.
  7. The stress of work or job
  8. Anxiety due to excessive use of mobile or other electronic gadgets
  9. Taking medicines is also one of the reasons, like medicines for high blood pressure, asthma, depression and cold.


  1. Feeling restless all day
  2. Slepiness during the day.
  3. Getting irritation for any reason due to lack of sleep.
  4. Body feeling tiredness.
  5. Poor concentration in any works or reading.


You can Diagnose yourself if you are able to sleep less 7-8 hours in the day. Keep and notepad to keep the record and find out the reasons for not getting sleep. You can do solve the problem or reasons for which reason you are not able to get sleep.

Don’t take too many days to analyze the problem. If you are unable to diagnose and also not able to solve the problem to get proper sleep, do visit the doctor and tell him each and everything.

Common Medicines for Insomnia

There are too many medicines available for Insomnia. Insomnia medicine always prescribed by doctor and doctor prescribe as the customer body need means symptoms and body. Yes Once prescribed you can take medicine as want.

Insomnia Treatment; There are so many treatment for this, it is up to you which you want to try.

There are few medicines are available in the market

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Dark Circles


Dark circles under the eyes are a common complaint of both men and women and are sometimes seen in children. Dark circles under the eyes are not a sign of fatigue. But stress and fatigue develop dark circles. Due to dark circles, the skin becomes thin and collagen is lost.

In today’s life, even the eldest children are so busy that they are unable to pay attention to their daily routine and due to lack of proper living and proper food, our body cannot get proper nutrition. Apart from this, full sleep is also often not available. Due to which everybody has to face such dark circles.

  • 1. Insomnia.
  • 2. Fatigue.
  • 3. Cyanosis.
  • a. Fatigue.
  • b. Age.
  • c. Eye Strain.
  • d. Allergies.
  • e. Dehydration.
  • f. Anemia.


Home Remedies
  • 1. Almond oil: It contains Vitamin E which helps in reducing the circles of the eyes. Almond oil is better for the delicate skin of the eyes. It should be used before sleeping at night. Let it sit overnight. Wash your face in the morning with clean water.
  • 2. Coconut oil: Coconut oil is a good moisturizer for delicate skin. At night, before sleeping, gently massage the eyes with coconut oil in your hands. Do this for at least a week. You will see its effect on yourself.
  • 3. Tomato: Tomato is the most effective way to remove dusky circles from under the eyes. It naturally eliminates dark circles. With this, your skin remains soft and fresh.
  • 4. Use of Lemon: Lemon contains vitamin C quantity. To use it, extract fresh lemon juice. Then, with the help of cotton, apply it under the eyes. After ten minutes, clean your face with water. Doing it regularly will end your dark circles.
  • 5. Raw potato: Make juice by grinding a raw potato. Apply it on a dark circle for 15-20 minutes. Applying potato juice twice a day removes dark circles.
  • 6. Put used wet tea bags-Regularly on eyes and around eyes, and herbal tea bags and green tea bags are also very good for the eyes. Make sure you cool down the tea bags before putting on the eyes.
  • 7. Get more sleep:- Sleeping for 7 to 8 hours daily is also very important for each and every person. If you are having a dark circle try to sleep more than 7-8 hours.
  • 8. Healthy Diet:- The food you eat should contain vitamin K, vitamin C, vitamin A, and vitamin E. Drink at least 2 liters of water every day. Include plenty of fruits and vegetables in your diet
  • 9. Aloe Vera:- For dark circles, take aloe vera leaf and juice it. With the application of aloe vera juice on the eyes, the problem of dark circles gradually starts to disappear in a few days.
  • 10. Always moisturize the skin under the eyes


a. Chemical peels to reduce the pigmentation.

b. Laser surgery to resurface the skin.

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Hi All… I am feeling good to telling you all about me and introducing my self. My name is Hayat Pektus, I am pharmacist by profession. I love reading books and surfing on the internet for personal and office purpose both. I like gardening, food recipes, technical gadgets and updates, fashion and Ayurveda (natural remedies). I love writing on all these topics.

Now starting blogging whatever I written might be helpful to all or I can also earn if possible later on. So that I am publishing all my written content one by one for you. I hope all will be use full to you, please update me if I am wrong somewhere so that I can correct the same.

You can also get in touch with me on

Gmail: [email protected]



It is my kind request please read and share my blogs with others. And do comment as well and as I updated before might be there is any mistake in my writing, please do give suggestions so that I can improve and correct my mistakes.

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ADHD Meaning: Both ADD (attention deficit disorder) and ADHD (attention deficit hyperactivity disorder), refer to a hereditary biochemical disorder that affects the person’s ability to perform to full potential. The symptoms show in childhood and often carry on into adolescence, causing a problem in virtually all areas of life.

ADHD Symptoms

Everyone experience a period of inattention, impulsiveness, and hyperactivity. Young, children, teens, and adults alike are affected by major events, such as divorce, moving away from families and friends, and other common stress. Anxiety, obsessive-compulsive disorder, depression, and others can elicit the behavior of a person that looks like ADD/ADHD

ADHD Causes

Social life:

Children, teens and adult form all socio-economic background can develop this medical condition.

Physiological causes:

Dopamine, a neurotransmitter that binds to certain receptors in the brain, is not produced at a normal level in the brain of those with medical conditions. This deficiency in the dopamine pathway affects the anterior frontal cortex, the part of the brain that handles cognitive processes, such as focus and attention.

Environmental causes:

Children experience stress at birth due to some complicated birth are possibly for developing these medical conditions. Smoking and consuming alcohol during pregnancy also cause ADD/ADHD disorder in the baby.

ADHD Diagnosis

It is not easy to diagnose ADHD easily, Patient must have at least 6 symptoms before declaring this medical condition.

ADHD Treatment with Medicines

Modalert (Modafinil): Modafinil is prescribed for treating ADD/ADHD. Modalert promotes wakefulness by increasing the amount of histamine that your body feel more awake, talkative, focused, and active. Some side effects of Modalert are headache, dizziness, insomnia, nervousness, anxiety, and dry mouth.

Armodafinil: Armodafinil reduces extreme sleepiness due to narcolepsy and other sleep disorders, such as periods of stopped breathing during sleep (obstructive sleep apnea). It is additionally accustomed to assist you stay up throughout work hours if you have got a piece schedule that keeps you from having a standard sleep routine (shift work sleep disorder)

Amphetamines: Amphetamines are stimulants used for these conditions. They come in immediate-release (a drug that released into your body right away) and extended-release (a drug that’s released into your body slowly) oral forms. Brand names of these drugs include:

ADHD medications:

Modalert (Modafinil)

Adderall XR (generic available)
Dexedrine (generic available)
Dyanavel XR
ProCentra (generic available)

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Anaemia is a lack of hemoglobin and red blood cell in the body. Red blood cells and hemoglobin, the molecule in red blood cells that make them red, are important because they carry oxygen from the lungs to other body parts. Oxygen is very much important to us and our body parts. So It is very important to find and treat the cause of the anaemia as well as the anaemia itself.

Symptoms of Anaemia

Might be you have not symptoms in Anemia. Mostly The Symptoms depend on the reason(causes) of Anemia. But there are few common symptoms If you have anemia

  1. You will short of breath and feel tired, even when doing things you could usually do easily.
  2. You may also have a fast or irregular heartbeat.
  3. Have cold feet or hands.
  4. Look pale,
  5. Having fatigue.
  6. Chest pain.
  7. Feel dizzy or faint.
  8. Having headaches

if you have any of these symptoms, then It is very important to meet your doctor otherwise anemia can worsen with worsening symptoms.

One can become anaemic if:

  1. when our body doesn’t make enough healthy red blood cells in our bone marrow – this can be due to a bone marrow disease or inherited disease.
  2. lose red blood cells through bleeding, whether that be heavy periods, one so slow or a fast bleed you didn’t even notice it.
  3. If a person has a disease that destroys red blood cells.
  4. lack of the nutrients required to make hemoglobin, such as iron.

Diagnosis of Anemia:

A blood test is usually performed to diagnose anemia. If you have anemia, your doctor will talk to you and examine you to work out how severe the anemia is, and what the cause could be. The doctor might ask you for more tests depending on your condition.

Causes of anaemia

  1. Iron deficiency
  2. Vitamin deficiency
  3. Anemia of inflammation
  4. Aplastic anemia
  5. Anaemias associated with bone marrow disease
  6. Hemolytic anaemias
  7. Sickle cell anaemia

Treatment of anaemia:

The treatment depends on the cause. But there are usually two parts:

  1. Treating the anemia itself.
  2. Treating the cause of the anemia.

Prevention of anaemia:

You can reduce your chances of getting anaemia by:

1. By having healthy diet.

2. If you are feeling unusually tired then consult with your doctor.

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Dehydration occurs when you use or lose more fluid than you take in, and your body doesn’t have enough water and other fluids to carry out its normal functions. If you don’t replace lost fluids, you will get dehydrated. Anyone may become dehydrated, but the condition is especially dangerous for young children and older adults. The most common cause of dehydration in young children is severe diarrhea and vomiting. Older adults naturally have a lower volume of water in their bodies and may have conditions or take medications that increase the risk of dehydration. This means that even minor illnesses, such as infections affecting the lungs or bladder, can result in dehydration in older adults.

Dehydration also can occur in any age group if you don’t drink enough water during hot weather especially if you are exercising vigorously. You can usually reverse mild to moderate dehydration by drinking more fluids, but severe dehydration needs immediate medical treatment.


Many people, particularly older adults, don’t feel thirsty until they’re already dehydrated. That’s why it’s important to increase water intake during hot weather or when you’re ill.

The signs and symptoms of dehydration also may differ by age.

Infant or young child
  • Dry mouth and tongue
  • No tears when crying
  • No wet diapers for three hours
  • Sunken eyes, cheeks
  • Sunken soft spot on top of skull
  • Listlessness or irritability


  • Extreme thirst
  • Less frequent urination
  • Dark-colored urine
  • Fatigue
  • Dizziness
  • Confusion

Sometimes dehydration occurs for simple reasons: You don’t drink enough because you’re sick or busy, or because you lack access to safe drinking water when you’re traveling, hiking or camping.

Other dehydration causes include:

  • Diarrhea, vomiting- Severe, acute diarrhea that is, diarrhea that comes on suddenly and violently can cause a tremendous loss of water and electrolytes in a short amount of time. If you have vomiting along with diarrhea, you lose even more fluids and minerals.
  • Fever-In general, the higher your fever, the more dehydrated you may become. The problem worsens if you have a fever in addition to diarrhea and vomiting.
  • Excessive sweating-You lose water when you sweat. If you do vigorous activity and don’t replace fluids as you go along, you can become dehydrated. Hot, humid weather increases the amount you sweat and the amount of fluid you lose.
  • Increased urination- This may be due to undiagnosed or uncontrolled diabetes. Certain medications, such as diuretics and some blood pressure medications, also can lead to dehydration, generally because they cause you to urinate more.


Anyone can become dehydrated, but certain people are at greater risk:

  • Infants and children- The most likely group to experience severe diarrhea and vomiting, infants and children are especially vulnerable to dehydration. Having a higher surface area to volume area, they also lose a higher proportion of their fluids from a high fever or burns. Young children often can’t tell you that they’re thirsty, nor can they get a drink for themselves.
  • Older adults- As you age, your body’s fluid reserve becomes smaller, your ability to conserve water is reduced and your thirst sense becomes less acute. These problems are compounded by chronic illnesses such as diabetes and dementia, and by the use of certain medications. Older adults also may have mobility problems that limit their ability to obtain water for themselves.
  • People with chronic illnesses- Having uncontrolled or untreated diabetes puts you at high risk of dehydration. Kidney disease also increases your risk, as do medications that increase urination. Even having a cold or sore throat makes you more susceptible to dehydration because you’re less likely to feel like eating or drinking when you’re sick.
  • People who work or exercise outside- When it’s hot and humid, your risk of dehydration and heat illness increases. That’s because when the air is humid, sweat can’t evaporate and cool you as quickly as it normally does, and this can lead to an increased body temperature and the need for more fluids.


Dehydration can lead to serious complications, including:

  • Heat injury-If you don’t drink enough fluids when you’re exercising vigorously and perspiring heavily, you may end up with a head injury, ranging in severity from mild heat cramps to heat exhaustion or potentially life-threatening heatstroke.
  • Urinary and kidney problems- Prolonged or repeated bouts of dehydration can cause urinary tract infections, kidney stones, and even kidney failure.DEHYDRATION
  • Seizures. Electrolytes such as potassium and sodium help carry electrical signals from cell to cell. If your electrolytes are out of balance, the normal electrical messages can become mixed up, which can lead to involuntary muscle contractions and sometimes to a loss of consciousness.
  • Low blood volume shock (hypovolemic shock)- This is one of the most serious, and sometimes life-threatening, complications of dehydration. It occurs when low blood volume causes a drop in blood pressure and a drop in the amount of oxygen in your body.


To prevent dehydration, drink plenty of fluids and eat foods high in water such as fruits and vegetables. Letting thirst be your guide is an adequate daily guideline for most healthy people. People may need to take in more fluids if they are experiencing conditions such as:

  • Vomiting or diarrhea- If your child is vomiting or has diarrhea, start giving extra water or an oral rehydration solution at the first signs of illness. Don’t wait until dehydration occurs.
  • Strenuous exercise- In general, it’s best to start hydrating the day before strenuous exercise. Producing lots of clear, dilute urine is a good indication that you’re well-hydrated. During the activity, replenish fluids at regular intervals and continue drinking water or other fluids after you’re finished.
  • Hot or cold weather- You need to drink additional water in hot or humid weather to help lower your body temperature and to replace what you lose through sweating. You may also need extra water in cold weather to combat moisture loss from dry air, particularly at higher altitudes

Illness- Older adults most commonly become dehydrated during minor illnesses such as influenza, bronchitis or bladder infections. Make sure to drink extra fluids when you’re not feeling well.